machine gun definition

Another efficient and widely used format is the recoil actuated type, which uses the gun's recoil energy for the same purpose. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. That is, the weapon continues to fire until it runs out of ammunition, so long as the trigger is pulled down. However, due to antiquated views of the Ordnance Department the weapons, like its more famous counterpart the Gatling Gun, saw only limited use. L'Indipendente dell' alto Po", "Index and introductory. machine gun synonyms, machine gun pronunciation, machine gun translation, English dictionary definition of machine gun. Dr. Gatling also experimented with electric-motor-powered models; as discussed above, this externally powered machine reloading has seen use in modern weapons as well. A general-purpose machine gun is usually a lightweight medium machine gun that can either be used with a bipod and drum in the light machine gun role or a tripod and belt feed in the medium machine gun role. n. An early, water-cooled, automatic machine gun having a single barrel. Machine guns are generally categorized as submachine guns, machine guns, or autocannons. Raw materials. The French government showed interest at first and while they noted that mechanically there was nothing wrong with Steuble's invention they turned him down, stating that the machine both lacked novelty and could not be usefully employed by the army. Understandably most historical accounts of the First World War have tended to emphasise the defensive strengths of the machine gun. Some modern vehicle machine guns used linkless feed systems however. chine-guns To fire at or kill with a machine gun. Manufactures. Submachine gun definition: a portable , automatic or semiautomatic firearm with a stock and a short barrel , taking... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and … Machine guns use rifle ammunition. It’s the … Releasing the trigger resets the trigger mechanism by engaging a sear so the weapon stops firing with bolt carrier fully at the rear. Minutes later, Wood fill charged another enemy machine-gun position, killing five men in one pit with his rifle. Delivered to your inbox! Minutes later, Wood fill charged another enemy machine-gun position, killing five men in one pit with his rifle. TLDR: Submachine guns use handgun ammunition. Squad automatic weapons, which fire the same (usually intermediate-powered) cartridge used by the other riflemen from the same combat unit, are functionally light machine guns despite their different designation. des Lois This is the British English definition of machine gun.View American English definition of machine gun. Whereas such weapons are highly reliable and formidably effective, one drawback is that the weight and size of the power source and driving mechanism makes them usually impractical for use outside of a vehicle or aircraft mount. It was a design for a manually operated 1.25 in. Revolver cannons, such as the Mauser MK 213, were developed in World War II by the Germans to provide high-caliber cannons with a reasonable rate of fire and reliability. Perhaps the earliest examples of predecessors to the modern machine gun are to be found in East Asia. As it became clear that a high-volume-of-fire weapon would be needed for fast-moving jet aircraft to reliably hit their opponents, Gatling's work with electrically powered weapons was recalled and the 20 mm M61 Vulcan designed; a miniaturized 7.62 mm version initially known as the "mini-Vulcan" and quickly shortened to "minigun" was soon in production for use on helicopters, where the volume of fire could compensate for the instability of the helicopter as a firing platform. This understanding is what makes a machine gun an ef-fective crew-served weapon capable of suppressing and controlling large target areas. This was a repeating cannon fed by a hopper which fired its charges sequentially. TLDR: Submachine guns use handgun ammunition. The term shall also include the frame or receiver of any such weapon, any part designed and intended solely and … Submachine guns are hand … [6], In 1663 the first mention of the automatic principle of machine guns was in a paper presented to the Royal Society of England by an Englishman by the name of Palmer who described a volley gun capable of being operated by either recoil or gas. Early 20th century; earliest use found in The Washington Post. [21] In the same year, water cooling was proposed for machine guns by Henry Bessemer, along with a water cleaning system, though he later abandoned this design. He also had that electrifying speaking style: the machine-gun … A most outstanding soldier The Taliban were pouring in fire towards us so I got my second weapon, which is a mini machine-gun , and fought on with that. The weapon was made up of four barrels placed side by side that replaced the manual loading of the French mitrailleuse with a mechanical loading system featuring a hopper containing 41 cartridges at the breech of each barrel. ), Firearms manufactured at Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft /, Weapons and military equipment designed or licence-manufactured in Hungary, Weapons and military equipment designed in Czechoslovakia 1919–1945, Weapons and military equipment designed or manufactured in Bulgaria. It fires two rounds with every pull of the trigger. The most effective position for guns in a single-seater fighter was clearly, for the purpose of aiming, directly in front of the pilot; but this placement would obviously result in bullets striking the moving propeller. Almost all machine guns have a "safety" sear,[citation needed] which simply keeps the trigger from engaging. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Meaning of machine-gun. Volley guns (such as the Mitrailleuse) and double-barreled pistols relied on duplicating all parts of the gun, though the Nock gun used the otherwise-undesirable "chain fire" phenomenon (where multiple chambers are ignited at once) to propagate a spark from a single flintlock mechanism to multiple barrels. Motorized Gatling guns are capable of the fastest firing rates of all, partly because this format involves extra energy being injected into the system from outside, instead of depending on energy derived from the propellant contained within the cartridges, partly because the next round can be inserted simultaneously with or before the ejection of the previous cartridge case, and partly because this design intrinsically deals with the unwanted heat very efficiently – effectively quick-changing the barrel and chamber after every shot. Meaning of machine gun. As better materials became available following the First World War, light machine guns became more readily portable; designs such as the Bren light machine gun replaced bulky predecessors like the Lewis gun in the squad support weapon role, while the modern division between medium machine guns like the M1919 Browning machine gun and heavy machine guns like the Browning M2 became clearer. This gradually changed to belt-fed types. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Machine guns usually have simple iron sights, though the use of optics is becoming more common. Failing to understand and apply these concepts reduces a machine gun to a large … The long-range, close [9] It was one of the earliest weapons to be referred to as a machine gun, being called such in 1722,[10] though its operation does not match the modern usage of the term. Some machine guns have in practice sustained fire almost continuously for hours; other automatic weapons overheat after less than a minute of use. A contrivance which serves to apply or regulate moving power; or it is a tool more or less complicated, which is used to … Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Unlocking and removing the spent case from the chamber and ejecting it out of the weapon as bolt is moving rearward, Loading the next round into the firing chamber. A most outstanding soldier The Taliban were pouring in fire towards us so I got my second weapon, which is a mini machine-gun , and fought on with that. The Gatling gun, patented in 1861 by Richard Jordan Gatling, was the first to offer controlled, sequential fire with mechanical loading. It is used to engage infantry or other "soft" targets when the main gun's potential collateral damage would be excessive, or to conserve its ammunition. Another fundamental development occurring before and during the war was the incorporation by gun designers of machine gun auto-loading mechanisms into handguns, giving rise to semi-automatic pistols such as the Borchardt (1890s), automatic machine pistols and later submachine guns (such as the Beretta 1918). This weapon was simpler, cheaper to produce, fired faster, and replaced the MG 34 in every application except vehicle mounts, since the MG 42's barrel changing system could not be operated when it was mounted. Similar automatic firearms of greater than 20 mm (0.79 in) caliber are classified as autocannons, rather than machine guns. The Allies had no equivalent system until 1916 and their aircraft suffered badly as a result, a period known as the Fokker Scourge, after the Fokker Eindecker, the first German plane to incorporate the new technology. The machine-gun brought that to an abrupt end. If a gun-toting character pulls the trigger and holds it there while the business end goes bang-bang-bang, then there's an excellent chance that firearm is a submachine gun or a machine gun (warning: does not apply to characters requesting someone pull their fingers). Congress requested that Belton modify 100 flintlock muskets to fire eight shots in this manner, but rescinded the order when Belton's price proved too high.[11][12]. [26] Sustained firing of gunpowder cartridges generated a cloud of smoke, making concealment impossible until smokeless powder became available in the late 19th century. Part of the patent also refers to a steam-operated piston to be used with firearms but the bulk of the patent is spent detailing the former system. [14][15][16], In 1847 a short description of a prototype electrically-ignited mechanical machine gun was published in Scientific American by a J.R. Nichols. MACHINE. Many machine guns also use belt feeding and open bolt operation, features not normally found on other infantry repeating firearms. Although subdivided into "light", "medium", "heavy" or "general-purpose", even the lightest machine guns tend to be substantially larger and heavier than standard infantry arms. Heavy machine gun is a term originating in World War I to describe heavyweight medium machine guns and persisted into World War II with Japanese Hotchkiss M1914 clones; today, however, it is used to refer to automatic weapons with a caliber of at least .50 in (12.7 mm)[1] but less than 20 mm. machine-gun - translate into Czech with the English-Czech Dictionary - Cambridge Dictionary A contrivance which serves to apply or regulate moving power; or it is a tool more or less complicated, which is used to render useful natural instruments, Clef. Early Small Arms The first small arms came into general use at the end of the 14th cent. Original patent claim reproduced in: Francis Bannerman Sons, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The History of the Royal Society of London for Improving of Natural Knowledge, from Its First Rise: In which the Most Considerable of Those Papers Communicated to the Society, which Have Hitherto Not Been Published, are Inserted in Their Proper Order, as a Supplement to the Philosophical Transactions", "The Armoury of His Grace the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry", "Foglio ufficiale. Modern machine guns are commonly mounted in one of four ways. Submachine gun definition, a lightweight automatic or semiautomatic gun, fired from the shoulder or hip. In weapons where the round seats and fires at the same time, mechanical timing is essential for operator safety, to prevent the round from firing before it is seated properly. This weapon was a cannon that fed from a type of open-ended tubular magazine, only using rollers and an endless chain in place of springs.[25]. [24], In France and Britain, a mechanically operated machine gun was patented in 1856 by the Frenchman Francois Julien. high definition machine gun noise download link: https://www.file-upload.com/umvvxtggp8vj Here is a high definition machine gun sound effect. These weapons were still powered by hand; however, this changed with Hiram Maxim's idea of harnessing recoil energy to power reloading in his Maxim machine gun. The gun could be fired by percussion or electricity, according to the author. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [30], The first practical self-powered machine gun was invented in 1884 by Sir Hiram Maxim. It fires two rounds with every pull of the trigger. The Union Army eventually purchased a total of 54 of the weapons. When a sear is in place, it effectively stops the bolt at some point in its range of motion. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Firing multiple rounds at the exact same time makes it a volley gun, and not a machine gun. [26] The Gatling gun was used most successfully to expand European colonial empires, since against poorly equipped indigenous armies it did not face such threats. True repeating long arms were difficult to manufacture prior to the development of the unitary firearm cartridge; nevertheless, lever-action repeating rifles such as the Kalthoff repeater and Cookson repeater were made in small quantities in the 17th century. In the early and mid-19th century, a number of rapid-firing weapons appeared which offered multi-shot fire, mostly volley guns. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. In 1777, Philadelphia gunsmith Joseph Belton offered the Continental Congress a "new improved gun", which was capable of firing up to twenty shots in five seconds; unlike older repeaters using complex lever-action mechanisms, it used a simpler system of superposed loads, and was loaded with a single large paper cartridge. Machine gun, automatic weapon of small caliber that is capable of sustained rapid fire. A type of fully automatic firearm that fires bullets in rapid succession by … New designs largely abandoned water jacket cooling systems as both undesirable, due to a greater emphasis on mobile tactics and unnecessary, thanks to the alternative and superior technique of preventing overheating by swapping barrels. “Machine-gun.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/machine-gun. The old Humphrey, the machine-gun orator, was back.. This is common on light machine guns and some medium machine guns. noun. I/Part III)", The REME Museum of Technology – machine guns, United States Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle, United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle, Mitrailleuse Gatling modèle APX 1895 (1895), 8 mm Lebel smokeless powder cartridge (1886), Du Temple high-circulation steam engine (1876), Current French infantry weapons and cartridges, Schießbecher as 43M rifle-grenade launcher, List of equipment used in the World War II era, SMLE No.1 Mk III* & Lee-Enfield No.4 Mk.I, Starstreak SAM (shoulder launched or 3-shot multiple launcher), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Machine_gun&oldid=993686475, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Pulling (manually or electrically) the bolt assembly/bolt carrier rearward by way of the cocking lever to the point bolt carrier engages a sear and stays at rear position until trigger is activated making bolt carrier move forward, Loading fresh round into chamber and locking bolt. Belts were either held in the open by the person, or in a bag or box. Advances in metallurgy and use of special composites in barrel liners have allowed for greater heat absorption and dissipation during firing. As each round is fired, electrically, the carriage moves back rotating the chamber which also ejects the spent case, indexes the next live round to be fired with the barrel and loads the next round into the chamber. Translate machine-gun nest into Spanish. The multiple guns that comprise a Gatling being a much larger bulk of metal than other, single-barreled guns, they are thus much slower to rise in temperature for a given amount of heat, while at the same time they are also much better at shedding the excess, as the extra barrels provide a larger surface area from which to dissipate the unwanted thermal energy. The term “machinegun” means any weapon which shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. Definition of machine gun in the Definitions.net dictionary. machine gun - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. They have several barrels each with an associated chamber and action on a rotating carousel and a system of cams that load, cock, and fire each mechanism progressively as it rotates through the sequence; essentially each barrel is a separate bolt-action rifle using a common feed source. View the pronunciation for machine gun. An automatic rifle capable of firing full auto is not a machine gun if it is magazine fed. The English and Russian governments showed interest but the former refused to pay Steuble, who later sued them for this transgression, and the latter tried to imprison him. n. A gun that fires rapidly and continuously as long as the trigger is held back. Experience with the MG42 led to the US issuing a requirement to replace the aging Browning Automatic Rifle with a similar weapon, which would also replace the M1919; simply using the MG42 itself was not possible, as the design brief required a weapon which could be fired from the hip or shoulder like the BAR. Light machine guns are designed to provide mobile fire support to a squad and are typically air-cooled weapons fitted with a box magazine or drum and a bipod; they may use full-size rifle rounds, but modern examples often use intermediate rounds. According to the Wu-Pei-Chih, a booklet examining Chinese military equipment produced during the first quarter of the 17th century, the Chinese army had in its arsenal the 'Po-Tzu Lien-Chu-P'ao' or 'string-of-100-bullets cannon'. The key characteristic of modern machine guns, their relatively high rate of fire and more importantly mechanical loading,[3] first appeared in the Model 1862 Gatling gun, which was adopted by the United States Navy. Change your default dictionary to American English. II. In addition to that, they are in the nature of the design spun at very high speed during rapid fire, which has the benefit of producing enhanced air-cooling as a side-effect. Machine guns such as the M2 Browning and MG42, are of this second kind. An externally actuated weapon uses an external power source, such as an electric motor or hand crank, to move its mechanism through the firing sequence. Although it was used effectively at times, mechanical difficulties hindered its operation and it was ultimately abandoned shortly after the war ended (de). machine gun can add firepower to the assault, but it is often best employed to suppress or neutralize the objective from a base of fire. (32 mm) caliber, flintlock cannon with a revolver cylinder able to fire 6–11 rounds before reloading by swapping out the cylinder, intended for use on ships. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Usually, the recoil. I differ with your definition of what constitutes a machine gun. The submachine gun was developed during World … Depending on size, weight and role, machine guns are divided into heavy, medium and light machine guns. Firing round by way of a firing pin or striker (except for aircraft medium calibre using electric ignition primers) hitting the primer that ignites the powder when bolt reaches locked position. Many machine guns are of the locked breech type, and follow this cycle: The operation is basically the same for all locked breech automatic firearms, regardless of the means of activating these mechanisms. The old Humphrey, the machine-gun orator, was back.. Machine gun means any firearm which shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.The term "machine gun" shall also include the frame or receiver of any such firearm, any part designed and intended solely and … Tripod and pintle mounts are usually used with spade grips. What does machine gun mean? Volley guns are regulated the same was as semi-automatic pistols in the eyes of the ATF. A machine gun is belt fed. Some designs – such as the many variants of the MG42 – are capable of rates of fire in excess of 1,200 rounds per minute. The machine gun was developed in the late 19th century and has profoundly altered the character of …

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